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Herzl, Theodor


Sex: Male

Pronunciation: [hertsl]

Life: (1860-1904)


Zionist leader, born in Budapest. He trained as a lawyer in Vienna, then became a journalist and playwright. After reporting the Dreyfus trial (1894), he was converted to Zionism, and in the pamphlet Judenstaat (1896, The Jewish State) he called for a world council to discuss the question of a homeland for the Jews, convened the first Zionist Congress at Basel (1897), and became the first president of the World Zionist Organization.