The movement which sought to recover for the Jewish people their historic Palestinian homeland (the Eretz Israel) after centuries of dispersion. The modern movement arose in the late 19th-c with plans for Jewish colonization of Palestine, and under Theodor Herzl also developed a political programme to obtain sovereign state rights over the territory.
Gaining support after World War 1, its objectives were supported by the British Balfour Declaration in 1917, as long as rights for non-Jews in Palestine were not impaired. After World War 2, the establishment of the Jewish state in 1948 received United Nations support. Zionism is still active, as a movement encouraging diaspora Jews to immigrate to and take an interest in the Jewish state.